The Orangery; a brief history

The Gunnebo Orangery was designed, like the rest of the estate, by Gothenburg’s city architect, Carl Wilhelm Carlberg for the merchant John Hall and his family. The Orangery was erected before the main building. This is where the family’s collection of exotic plants and trees were kept frost-free during winters. The building was heated with tiled stoves.

The heydays of Gunnebo was relatively short; following the death of John Hall in 1802, bankruptcies, neglect, decay and fires erased large parts of the magnificent summer residence in the first decades of the 19th century. The orangery was torn down after years of disrepair.

Architecture


The Orangery was built with three connected corners pavilions. In the general facade facing west, we recognize the architecture of the facades of Gunnebo House. The southern facade had large window to let the sun reach in to the plants and trees. The three pavilions are all of the same dimensions.

On the back, a room for the staff was added shortly after the building was completed. The gardener had the task to ensure that the temperature in the building was kept frost-free. By placing a glass of water in the window to the south, he knew, when the water froze, it was time to heat the two stoves.

The interior architecture is particularly interesting in the northern pavilion. This is the grotto, where the walls were paneled with stalactite-shaped patterns. The ceiling was vaulted and equipped with mirror glass. The whole room was richly decorated with furniture and statues.